Designed plan of Nyen.
G.Schwengell. May 15, 1644
1 p. Manuscript. Illuminated. 773,7x 975,4 mm. Swedish.
Scale [1:], graphic scale in … West-oriented.
The explication in a cartouche, in the area of water of Neva River
and Black Stream are sailing vessels and boats.
The cape formed with the confluence of the Neva and its right
tributary Black Stream, right bank of Black Stream.
a project of the town of Nyen, 8 bastion earthen fortifications
around with water moat around Castella (a fortified castle of
the Swedish king’s governor-general); a project of four
and five-bastion earthen fortress around Castella. In the project
an existing marketplace, Cathedral square with the cathedral ,
a school, houses of pastors are remained. The wooden bridge over
the Black Stream (up to Castella there are wooden planking), wooden
bridge over the Black Stream right tributary Black Streamlet.
In the Black Stream’s mouth are Nyen commercial port moorages.
Most of the Nyen streets are designed ones, three of them have
names. Vyborg Street turns into state main road to Vyborg. Fortifications
are shown with Roman letters, decoding in the explication, among
them are: ravelin (D), main fortifications (G) and so on; the
places of designed town buildings are here as well (F).
A primary project of Nyen with its town fortress works was worked
out by G. Schwengell in 1633, but it was not realized. This project
presented on May 15, 1644 wasn’t realized also but became
a basis for the more real projects.
B. Jangfeldt, S. Kepsu, W. Ehrensvärd